Difference between Veganism Vs Vegetarianism

Updated: Sep 24

Vegans and vegetarians choose not to eat meat. However, veganism is stricter and also prohibits dairy, eggs, honey, and any other items that derive from animal products, such as leather and silk.

Both veganism and vegetarianism are growing in popularity. However, some people may find the differences between these two diets a little confusing, particularly as there are several variations of vegetarianism.

What is Vegetarianism?

Vegetarians are people who do not eat the products or byproducts of animal slaughter.

Vegetarians do not consume

* Meat, such as beef, pork, and game

* Poultry, such as chicken, turkey, and duck

* Fish and shellfish

* Insects

* Rennet, gelatin, and other types of animal protein

* Stock or fats that derive from animal slaughter

However, many vegetarians do consume byproducts that do not involve the slaughter of animals. These include:

* Eggs

* Dairy products, such as milk, cheese, and yogurt

* Honey

Vegetarians typically consume a range of fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, grains, and pulses, as well as “meat substitutes” that derive from these food types.

Vegetarianism is generally less strict than veganism, so there are several well-known variations of the vegetarian diet. These include

* Lacto-ovo-vegetarian. People who follow this diet avoid all types of meat and fish but do consume dairy products and eggs.

* Lacto-vegetarian. People on this diet do not eat any meat, fish, or eggs but do consume dairy products.

* Ovo-vegetarian. Individuals following this diet do not eat any meat, fish, or dairy products but do consume eggs.

* Pescatarian. Those who follow this diet avoid all meats expect fish and other types of seafood. However, this does not meet the traditional definition of vegetarianism, and many people refer to the Pescatarian diet as being semi-vegetarian or Flexitarian.

What is Veganism?

Veganism is a stricter form of vegetarianism. Vegans avoid consuming or using any animal products or byproducts. The Vegan Society define veganism as “a way of living, which seeks to exclude, as far as is possible and practicable, all forms of exploitation of and cruelty to animals for food, clothing, or any other purpose.”

Vegans strictly avoid consuming any foods or beverages that contain

* Meat

* Poultry

* Fish and shellfish

* Eggs

* Dairy products

* Honey

* Insects

* Rennet, gelatin, and other types of animal protein

* Stock or fats that derive from animals

Strict vegans also extend these principles beyond their diet and will try, where possible, to avoid any product that directly or indirectly involves the human use of animals. These products can include:

* Leather goods

* Wool

* Silk

* Beeswax

* Soaps, candles, and other products that contain animal fats, such as tallow

* Latex products that contain casein, which comes from milk proteins

* Cosmetics or other products that manufacturers test on animals

Many Vegetarians also apply some of these principles to their lifestyle, for example, by avoiding leather goods and products that involve animal testing.

Which is more healthful?

Both diets offer similar health benefits and generally encourage people to eat more antioxidant-rich and nutrient-dense whole foods.

It is difficult to say which diet is more healthful because both diets have advantages and disadvantages.

For example, unlike vegans, lacto-vegetarians get calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D from dairy products. However, avoiding dairy and eggs may help vegans keep their cholesterol levels down.

Vegans are also at risk for an essential omega-3 fatty acid deficiency, specifically in EPA and DHA, even if they consume plant sources of these nutrients. DHA is necessary for brain function and cognition and to avoid brain fog, memory difficulty, and more. Vegetarians and Pescatarians can obtain EPA and DHA more easily from eggs and seafood.

According to Study, Adults who identified as vegan adhered more closely to a healthful vegan lifestyle than Vegetarians and Non-Vegetarians.

A Healthful Vegan Lifestyle defined as

* Consuming a whole food, plant based diet

* Exercising daily

* Drinking more than eight glasses of water a day

* Getting regular sunlight exposure

However, following a plant based diet does not guarantee good health. It is still possible for vegetarians and vegans to lead unhealthful lifestyles or to eat a diet of processed “junk” food.

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