Hallucinations is a mental condition in which patient seems things that aren't real. Patient may see things or hear a sound that no one else can see or hear. There can be different cause of having hallucinations such as side effects of medicines or drugs, mental illness, excessive consumption of alcohol or epilepsy.
It is recommended to take advice of a doctor such as psychiatrist or neurologist. Your doctor may guide you to adopt healthy eating habits, such as drinking limited amount of alcohol and taking more sleep.
Types of Hallucinations
Hallucinations can affect your eyesight, smelling, hearing, taste ability or physical sensations.
In this type of hallucinations, people see unreal things that are not really there. It may include people, objects, visual patterns or lights.
In olfactory hallucinations, smelling ability can be affected negatively. In this hallucinations, you can get a nasty smell or feel that your body is smelling.
It similar to the olfactory hallucinations. But, in this hallucinations, your taste ability is being affecting instead of smell. It may have strange, unpleasant or metallic taste.
It is the most common type of hallucinations and is associated with hearing. You may feel like someone is talking or asking you to do something.
In this type of hallucinations, you can feel that someone is touching your body or bugs are crawling on your skin.
Symptoms of Hallucinations
Symptoms may vary depending on its type; including
Feeling sensations in the body i.e. a crawling feeling on the skin or movement
Hearing sounds including footsteps, music or banging of doors
Tasting something (often a metallic taste)
Hearing voices such as a voice commanding you to harm yourself or others
Seeing objects, beings, or patterns or lights
Smelling an odor
Causes of Hallucinations
Causes may include
Some mental health conditions can cause the problem of hallucinations such as schizophrenia, dementia and mania.
Drug or Substance Abuse
Drug addiction or substance abuse can also cause hallucinations. Some individuals can hear or see things after drinking alcohol or consuming substances like heroine, cocaine, etc.
Lack of Sleep
This condition also can occur if you do not take enough sleep. If you have not slept for several days, you are at a higher risk of having hallucinations.
Some drugs and medication taken for mental conditions can also cause hallucinations. Medicines to treat Parkinson's, depression, psychosis and epilepsy can cause hallucinations.
Some other health conditions can also cause this problem; such as
Auditory nerve disease
Dissociative identity disorder (DID)
Middle or inner ear diseases
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
It can be prevented in the following ways
Do workout or physical activity regularly
Eat healthy and nutritious food
Avoid alcohol and noxious drugs
Get lots of sleep
Do recreational activities
Always maintain good mental and emotional health
Find different ways to deal with depression
Remember that the main cause of psychological problems is the environment around you
Know about the health side effects of certain drugs that you're currently taking
Treatments may include
Hallucinations treatment is dependent on the underlying cause. For example, if you have the problem of hallucinations due to quitting alcohol, your health care provider may prescribe some medicines that helps to slow down your nervous system. An accurate diagnosis is really very important to treat this mental condition effectively.
Psychiatric counseling can help to cure hallucinations to some extent. If the primary cause of hallucinations is a mental condition, then by talking to a counselor you can understand what is happening to you. A consultant can advise you some techniques to get out of this mental condition if you feel scared or paranoid.